Wintercreeper (Euonymus fortunei) is a perennial vine native to China that was introduced in the early 1900s as an ornamental groundcover. It is now invasive across the entire Eastern United States. It invades new areas quickly due to its small seeds that are spread by birds and its ability to reproduce vegetatively. Wintercreeper forms dense mats that prevent native plants from growing. In addition to growing as groundcover, wintercreeper can also grow vertically, with vines growing up to 70 feet long into the tops of trees, smothering and strangling them.

Native Alternatives

Appalachian Barren Strawberry

(Waldsteinia fragarioides)

Bearberry, Kinnickinnic

(Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

Catsfoot, Pussytoes

(Antennaria parlinii)

Wild Stonecrop

(Sedum ternatum)